Schools throughout much of the developed world have added numerous resources in recent years to enhance the quality of teaching and learning taking place in their young people’s classrooms. Chief among the more recent content and teaching practice enhancements has been the addition of the letter “D”to the traditional set of the ABCs’ of public education.
D for Diversity.
How diversity helps
An increased emphasis in diversity in schools matters big time in today’s increasingly multicultural society. Diversity awareness helps young people make more of their lives by introducing unique perspectives from multiple sources that not only enrich their learning experience but prepare them to become enlightened and productive adults.
In a 2015 Wilfrid Laurier University student’s blog, “Diversity Matters: The Beauty and Power of Difference,” Mina Huang wrote:
“Diversity gives people a voice … (it) empowers people to be expressive without feeling outnumbered. It allows us to raise a hand in disagreement with a majority of our peers while presenting the opportunity to see things from a different perspective … Diversity matters in education because no one should … feel embarrassed of who they are … Diversity gives people the ability to hear … it builds understanding and helps people make educated opinions and judgments. Being a part of a diverse group enhances everyone’s potential to be successful … If we limit diversity in the classroom or anywhere … then we limit the potentials and opportunities that could occur …”
Unfortunately, diversity is typically thought of as only having to tolerate differences in points of view or people themselves, based on their race, ethnicity, religion, gender, politics, and other characteristics. An article, Definition for Diversity, published by Queensborough Community College, defines it in more positive terms:
- “Diversity is a set of conscious practices that involve:
- Understanding and appreciating interdependence of humanity, cultures, and the natural environment.
- Practicing mutual respect for qualities and experiences that are different from our own.
- Understanding that diversity includes not only ways of being and also ways of knowing;
- Recognizing that personal, cultural and institutionalized discrimination creates ad sustains privileges for some while creating and sustaining disadvantages for others.
- Building alliances across differences so that we can work together to eradicate all forms of discrimination.”
Why parents and others should care about diversity
A January 2018 article, “Why diversity in classrooms matter,” by GreatSchools, a non-profit organization that provides information on PK-12 schools to parents, said in in part:
“… to prepare kids to be global citizens, we need to expose them to more than the quadratic equation and the history of the 13 colonies… and that “It’s essential for our kids to learn to get along with and understand people from all walks of life.
“In fact, diversity has been shown to promote tolerance. One recent study … found, for example, that college students in diverse settings exhibited less racial and ethnic prejudice than students who interacted mainly with those of similar backgrounds … Learning empathy, flexibility, and how to work with people from different backgrounds and cultures will prepare kids to navigate an increasingly multicultural future.”
The article noted that many parents who support the concept of educational equality feel forced to choose between excellence and diversity when it comes to selecting a school for their child … But there are educational pockets around the country that defy this trend by showing how diversity and quality schooling can go hand in hand.
An example of where diversity and excellence are partners
In some schools, diversity is a fact of everyday life. At the Army and Navy Academy, a college preparatory boarding school for middle- and high school-age boys in Carlsbad, Calif., one out of three of the cadets in the 2019-20 school year came from 18 foreign countries on 6 continents, alone with boys from 15 U.S. states to study a rigorous college preparatory curriculum and develop leadership and character development skills. Those Cadets from abroad collectively spoke 15 languages, from Arabic and Farsi to Mandarin and German, with several other tongues in between; with all having English as the common tongue. Overall, 7 ethnicities were represented by the foreign and domestic students who comprised the cadet corps of nearly 300 young men. On average, 98 percent of graduating Academy cadets each year go onto college or a university, including a number of graduating cadets who are accepted by one of the five military service academies.
Ways to foster diversity and inclusion in the classroom
In her book, “Tools for Teaching,” Dr. Barbara Gross Davis, vice president of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, (WASC), an accrediting commission for K-12 schools, discusses at length how teachers and other instructional leaders can optimize diversity and inclusion in school classrooms using the following 15 and other strategies:
- Become aware of any biases or stereotypes you may have absorbed
- Get to know all your students and treat each student as an individual
- Monitor the “climate” in the classroom, perhaps using anonymous mid-term evaluations
- Be attentive to current preferred terminologies (e.g. “underrepresented students” or “students of color” versus “minorities.” Use “Asian,” not “Oriental”
- Convey the same level of confidence in the abilities of all your students
- Don’t try to “protect” any group of students
- Be even-handed in acknowledging students’ accomplishments
- Learn to correctly pronounce every student’s name
- Vary formats for presenting materials (visual, auditory, collaboratively, etc.,)
- Assign group work and collaborative learning activities
- Speak clearly and at appropriate volume and pace. Pause after important points
- Make it clear you value all comments
- Encourage all students to participate in class discussions
- Do not treat students as spokespersons for their demographic group
- Emphasize the importance of considering different perspectives
More ways to foster cultural awareness
A national authority on education equity, reform, and innovation, Dr. Matthew Lynch, added additional ways teachers can foster cultural awareness in classrooms in a 2014 Education Week blog, some of which follow:
- Express interest in the ethnic background of your students
- Redirect your role in the classroom from instructor to facilitator
- Maintain a strict level of sensitivity to language concerns
- Maintain high expectations for student performance
- Incorporate methods for self-testing
What is the end result of a diversity-based education?
The Wilfrid Laurier University student blogger, Mina Huang, casts a positive vision of what a diversity-based education can produce. A condensed summary of her vision follows:
“Diversity lets people see the world. When people are more educated and embrace diversity, they learn to make judgments based on a person’s actions and words, not by their appearance. By being open to learning about one another, we can reduce fear and negativity in this world … In a more diverse learning environment, we learn more from one another and the more people know, the fewer the problems that would occur … Diversity is about seeing each other as equals but accepting each other’s differences … what would be the point of getting know one another if we were all the same? What’s the point of anyone remembering who you are, if there wasn’t anything about you that made you different? That’s why diversity matters.”