Moving Ahead in the Army and Navy Academy Leadership Program

Army JROTC has a well-defined organizational structure, geared to foster leadership and character development. Each person in the unit has an individual job that is part of a larger task, which is part of a much larger mission. There is a pyramid of authority within most organizations. For JROTC and the military, this pyramid of authority includes individual and group responsibility. It contains the following elements:

 

  • Unity of Command
  • Span of Control
  • Chain of Command
 

This pyramid is a chain of command, which is a succession of leaders through which authority and commands pass from leader to subordinate, down through the ranks.

 

“Rank” and “grade” are terms used by the military to classify soldiers. Rank is the title held by a soldier, and grade is a letter/number combination that means the same thing. Soldiers are classified as either enlisted or officers.

 

The enlisted ranks are broken down into two divisions based on experience and skill. The first three enlisted positions (Private to Private First Class) are usually “entry level.” Noncommissioned officers, the second division, are those personnel who have advanced above the first three positions and are in a supervisory position over personnel in lower grades. These ranks include Corporal through Sergeant Major.


Commissioned officers, Second Lieutenant through Lieutenant Colonel, are the highest levels of supervision. They have authority over lower-ranking officers, noncommissioned officers and enlisted personnel. Advancement to higher ranks is based on ability, skill, experience and potential.


A similar structure exists for Cadet officers and noncommissioned officers at Army and Navy Academy. The insignia of grade for Cadet officers and noncomissioned officers is shown below.  


The Cadet Battalion Commander reports to the Senior Army Instructor and to the President of the Academy. All other officers and noncommissioned officers report to the Cadet Battalion Commander through the chain of command.

 

Opportunities to Excel in the Leadership Program at ANA

The Leadership and Promotion program at Army and Navy Academy is unique for each student. It allows each Cadet the opportunity to excel through a structured system of leadership titles, or "ranks." Rank is achieved through the following:


Automatic Promotions
 

Automatic promotions occur after each even-numbered grading period.  Additionally, the Senior Army Instructor may designate a “special automatic promotion” for outstanding performance (98% or higher) on the Cadet Formal Inspection. This promotion can be made for any Cadet, up to and including the rank of Sergeant.

Criteria for automatic promotion are as follows:

  • Achievement of a 2.0 or higher with no failing grade in any subject for the grading period preceding the promotion period.
  • Achievement of “Satisfactory” or higher in Citizenship for the grading period preceding the promotion period.
  • Approval by the Senior Army Instructor.

Special Promotions
 

Special promotions can occur after any grading period.  They are designed for Cadet noncommissioned officers, Staff Sergeant through First Sergeant, and Commissioned Officers, Second Lieutenant through Lieutenant Colonel.

Criteria for special promotion are as follows:

  • Achievement of a 2.0 or higher with no failing grade in any subject for the grading period preceding the promotion period.
  • Achievement of “Satisfactory” or higher in Citizenship for the grading period preceding the promotion period.
  • Holding a leadership and/or staff position that calls for the rank for which the Cadet is being recommended.
  • Recommendation by the Cadet Chain of Command with approval by the Senior Army Instructor, the Commandant of Cadets and the Company RLO.

Returning Academy Cadets

Cadets returning to the Academy after an absence may be awarded the rank they achieved prior to departure from the Academy providing they meet the following criteria:

  • Achievement of a 2.0 or higher with no failing grade in any subject for the grading period preceding the promotion period.
  • Achievement of “Satisfactory” or higher in Citizenship for the grading period preceding the promotion period.
  • Have had no disciplinary action pending prior to having withdrawn from the Academy.
  • Recommendation by the Company RLO.

Academy Cadets Advancing to Upper School from 8th Grade (Echo Company) will be awarded the following ranks:

  • Echo Company Cadets in the rank of Corporal or higher that enter the senior program will be awarded the senior rank of Corporal.
  • Echo Company Cadets below the rank of Corporal that enter the senior program will be awarded the rank achieved.
  • Echo Company Cadets who are selected as Echo Company Squad Leaders will be awarded the temporary rank of Sergeant. If they are removed from this leadership position for any reason, they will be moved into an Upper School company and revert back to the rank of Corporal. If they successfully complete one grading period as an Echo Company Squad Leader, the rank will become permanent.

Transferring JROTC Cadets

Cadets who transfer to the Academy from other JROTC or official military type programs may be awarded the rank achieved in the other program up to the rank of Sergeant if they meet the following criteria:

Achievement of a 2.0 or higher with no failing grade in any subject for the grading period preceding the promotion period.

  • Achievement of “Satisfactory” or higher in Citizenship for the grading period preceding the promotion period.
  • Completion of the Army and Navy Academy New Cadet Orientation Training program, as well as all requirements listed in the Plebe Knowledge Book.
  • Participation in an authorized military-type program.  These include Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine JROTC, as well as the Civil Air Patrol, Young Marines and Sea Cadet programs.
  • Receipt of a letter of recommendation from the previous Senior Military Instructor stating what rank the Cadet achieved in the program and that the Cadet left the program in good standing.
  • Recommendation of the Company RLO

Transferring Cadets who are members of the Boy Scouts of America and who have achieved the level of Eagle Scout may be awarded the rank of PFC if they meet all of the criteria mentioned above.

Senior Cadets

Senior Cadets who were not eligible for the Leadership Candidate Course (LCC) in their junior year may be commissioned as officers in the Corps of Cadets if they satisfy the following requirements:

  • Completion of the LCC home study course.
  • Outstanding performance in an “On-The-Job" (OTJ) leadership position for one full semester.
  • Achievement of a 2.0 or higher with no failing grade in any subject for the final first-semester grades.
  • Achievement of a “Satisfactory” average for the first semester of their senior year.
  • Recommendation by the Cadet Chain of Command with approval by the Senior Army Instructor, the Commandant of Cadets and the Company RLO.

New students who enter the Academy as seniors may be commissioned as officers in the Corps of Cadets if they satisfy the following requirements:

Completion of the LCC home study course.

  • Outstanding performance in an “On-The-Job" (OTJ) leadership position for one full semester.
  • Achievement of a 2.0 or higher with no failing grade in any subject for the final first-semester grades.
  • Achievement of a “Satisfactory” average for the first semester of their senior year.
  • Recommendation by the Cadet Chain of Command with approval by the Senior Army Instructor, the Commandant of Cadets and the Company RLO.