Army JROTC has a well-defined organizational structure, geared to foster leadership and character development. Each person in the unit has an individual job that is part of a larger task, which is part of a much larger mission. There is a pyramid of authority within most organizations. For JROTC and the military, this pyramid of authority includes individual and group responsibility. It contains the following elements:
This pyramid is a chain of command, which is a succession of leaders through which authority and commands pass from leader to subordinate, down through the ranks.
“Rank” and “grade” are terms used by the military to classify soldiers. Rank is the title held by a soldier, and grade is a letter/number combination that means the same thing. Soldiers are classified as either enlisted or officers.
The enlisted ranks are broken down into two divisions based on experience and skill. The first three enlisted positions (Private to Private First Class) are usually “entry level.” Noncommissioned officers, the second division, are those personnel who have advanced above the first three positions and are in a supervisory position over personnel in lower grades. These ranks include Corporal through Sergeant Major.
Commissioned officers, Second Lieutenant through Lieutenant Colonel, are the highest levels of supervision. They have authority over lower-ranking officers, noncommissioned officers and enlisted personnel. Advancement to higher ranks is based on ability, skill, experience and potential.
The Cadet Battalion Commander reports to the Senior Army Instructor and to the President of the Academy. All other officers and noncommissioned officers report to the Cadet Battalion Commander through the chain of command.
The Leadership and Promotion program at Army and Navy Academy is unique for each student. It allows each Cadet the opportunity to excel through a structured system of leadership titles, or "ranks." Rank is achieved through the following:
Automatic promotions occur after each even-numbered grading period. Additionally, the Senior Army Instructor may designate a “special automatic promotion” for outstanding performance (98% or higher) on the Cadet Formal Inspection. This promotion can be made for any Cadet, up to and including the rank of Sergeant.
Criteria for automatic promotion are as follows:
Special promotions can occur after any grading period. They are designed for Cadet noncommissioned officers, Staff Sergeant through First Sergeant, and Commissioned Officers, Second Lieutenant through Lieutenant Colonel.
Criteria for special promotion are as follows:
Returning Academy Cadets
Cadets returning to the Academy after an absence may be awarded the rank they achieved prior to departure from the Academy providing they meet the following criteria:
Academy Cadets Advancing to Upper School from 8th Grade (Echo Company) will be awarded the following ranks:
Transferring JROTC Cadets
Cadets who transfer to the Academy from other JROTC or official military type programs may be awarded the rank achieved in the other program up to the rank of Sergeant if they meet the following criteria:
Achievement of a 2.0 or higher with no failing grade in any subject for the grading period preceding the promotion period.
Transferring Cadets who are members of the Boy Scouts of America and who have achieved the level of Eagle Scout may be awarded the rank of PFC if they meet all of the criteria mentioned above.
Senior Cadets who were not eligible for the Leadership Candidate Course (LCC) in their junior year may be commissioned as officers in the Corps of Cadets if they satisfy the following requirements:
New students who enter the Academy as seniors may be commissioned as officers in the Corps of Cadets if they satisfy the following requirements:
Completion of the LCC home study course.